The Open Autonomy framework supports that agent services access different external chains by defining certain configuration parameters appropriately.

For example, if you are developing a service to be run in Ethereum, you might first want to use a development environment like Hardhat or Ganache as your testbed, then migrate to a public testnet like Görli, and ultimately run your service in the Ethereum main chain.

To use a service in a particular chain, you must ensure that the the relevant agent addresses are funded in that chain.

What will you learn

In this guide, you will learn how to:

• Configure an agent service to be run in a particular chain.
• Configure the test classes appropriately.

Configuring the agent service

To configure an agent service to work with a particular chain, you must configure the parameters address and chain_id accordingly in the connection valory/ledger. This configuration can be set up by overriding the valory/ledger configuration at agent level or at service level.

Agent-level override

At agent level, the agent configuration file aea-config.yaml should contain an override for the parameters of the connection valory/ledger, either using hardcoded values or environment variables as follows:

(...)
---
public_id: valory/ledger:0.19.0
type: connection
config:
ledger_apis:
ethereum:
address: ${str:http://localhost:8545} chain_id:${int:31337}
<other_params>

(...)
---
public_id: valory/ledger:0.19.0
type: connection
config:
ledger_apis:
ethereum:
chain_id: 31337
<other_params>


Note that if you use agent-level hardcoded overrides, then service-level overrides will not work. On the other hand agent-level environment variable overrides must follow the export variable format.

Service-level override

Similarly, service-level overrides for the valory/ledger connection are defined in the service configuration file service.yaml using either approach:

(...)
---
public_id: valory/ledger:0.19.0
type: connection
config:
ledger_apis:
ethereum:
address: ${MY_CHAIN_ADDRESS:str:http://localhost:8545} chain_id:${MY_CHAIN_ID:int:31337}
<other_params>

(...)
---
public_id: valory/ledger:0.19.0
type: connection
config:
ledger_apis:
ethereum:
chain_id: 31337
<other_params>


Observe that within the service configuration file there is no restriction for naming the environment variables.

Configuring integration tests

The open-aea-test-autonomy test tools contain a collection of classes for open-autonomy packages that allows you to configure the ledger connection for contract integration tests. To use the test tools, you must include open-aea-test-autonomy as a dependency for your packages.

Tests that make calls to a chain inherit from the class

aea_test_autonomy.base_test_classes.contracts.BaseContractTest


The configuration of the ledger connection for tests is done through the the _setup_class(...) method from BaseContractTest, which overrides the valory/ledger connection configuration for tests. As above, you must set the parameters address and chain_id accordingly:

new_config = {
"chain_id": DEFAULT_CHAIN_ID,
"denom": DEFAULT_CURRENCY_DENOM,
"default_gas_price_strategy": "eip1559",
"gas_price_strategies": {
"gas_station": DEFAULT_GAS_STATION_STRATEGY,
"eip1559": DEFAULT_EIP1559_STRATEGY,
},
}


Also, instead of inheriting directly from BaseContractTest, the test tools in open-aea-test-autonomy include several preconfigured helper base classes for common chains:

• BaseGanacheContractTest: Base test case for testing contracts on Ganache.
• BaseHardhatGnosisContractTest: Base test case for testing contracts on Hardhat with Gnosis.
• BaseHardhatAMMContractTest: Base test case for testing AMM contracts on Hardhat.
• BaseGanacheContractWithDependencyTest: Base test case for testing contracts with dependencies on Ganache.
• BaseHardhatGnosisContractWithDependencyTest: Base test case for testing contracts with dependencies on Hardhat with Gnosis.
• BaseHardhatAMMContractWithDependencyTest: Base test case for testing AMM contracts with dependencies on Hardhat.

Configuring end-to-end tests

The open-aea-test-autonomy test tools also contain base classes for end-to-end tests. These tests inherit from the base classes

aea_test_autonomy.base_test_classes.agents.BaseTestEnd2End

aea_test_autonomy.base_test_classes.agents.BaseTestEnd2EndExecution

These classes define an extra_configs attribute that is used to set the agent-level overrides. Tests that have this attribute set will override the corresponding agent configuration parameters.

Important

This does not only apply to the valory/ledger connection, but to any agent configuration.

Example

All tests that inherit from the test class bellow will use the new configuration:

from aea_test_autonomy.base_test_classes.agents import BaseTestEnd2EndExecution

class MyEndToEndTest(BaseTestEnd2EndExecution):
"""Base class for my end-to-end tests."""

extra_configs = [
{
"dotted_path": "vendor.valory.skills.my_skill_abci.models.params.args.ipfs_domain_name",
"value": "/dns/localhost/tcp/5001/http",
}
]


Configuring the validation timeout

Last but not least, it is important to keep in mind what the average block times are in the deploying network. This is going to play a significant role when performing transactions, since the validation logic is based on that.

More specifically, the attribute validate_timeout in the skill configuration file skill.yaml should not be less than the average block time of the network, because timeouts and unnecessary repricing will happen too often. For reference, at the time this document was written, the average block time in the Ethereum mainnet was around 13.3 seconds. Therefore, it is not recommended that you specify a value less than that. Moreover, it would be advisable to allow for some margin before stopping retrials, because actual block times might be higher than their average value, and there is no guarantee that a transaction will be included into the next block.

The underlying retrial mechanism has a backoff that scales linearly, starting at retry_timeout, and stopping either when retry_attempts have been executed or validate_timeout has been reached.

Example

An example configuration in the skill.yaml file for the Ethereum mainnet is as follows:

(...)
models:
params:
args:
retry_attempts: 13
retry_timeout: 13.3
validate_timeout: 1205


Therefore, unsuccessful transactions will be retried at the following times:

• 1st retry: $$13.3\cdot(1)=13.3$$
• 2nd retry: $$13.3\cdot(1+2)=26.6$$
• ...
• $$i$$th retry: $$13.3\cdot\frac{i(i+1)}2$$
• ...
• 12th retry: $$13.3\cdot(1+2+\cdots+12)=1037.4$$
• 13th retry: $$13.3\cdot(1+2+\cdots+12+13)=1210.3$$

Note, however, that it will stop at the 12th retry, because $$1210.3 >$$ validate_timeout $$=1205$$.